יום שישי, 4 באוקטובר 2013

Electronic Tools for the Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible - 2013

Prof. E. Tov, The Hebrew University

Electronic Tools for the Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible - 2013
Following an Introduction
I. Source Texts of the Hebrew Bible
MT, Codex Leningrad B19A/Biblica Hebraica Stuttgartensia
1. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software) (BHS-W4 and HMT-W4 [codex L])
http://www.oaksoft.com/
                2. BibleWorks for Windows [9]*
http://www.bibleworks.com/
                3. Jewish Classics Library* (Davka Company)
http://www.davka.com/


4. SESB 2.0* = # 15 below
http://www.logos.com/
5. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
6. WordSearch [7]*
http://www.wordsearchbible.com/
7. Gramcord for Windows* (Gramcord Institute)
http://www.gramcord.org/
8. Bibloi [8]*
http://www.silvermnt.com/
9. Global Jewish Database* (Responsa Project, CD-ROM 12, Bar-Ilan University) (with cross-references to Rabbinic Literature)
10. Translator’s Workplace [4.0] (private software package of the Summer Institute for Linguistics [SIL])
http://www.sil.org/
11. DBS International Corporation* (probably BHS)
http://www.dbs123.com/
12. Mechon Mamre
13. Snunit
http://kodesh.snunit.k12.il
14. Text of the Hebrew Bible of the Westminster Hebrew Institute in: The Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library, Brigham Young University, Revised Edition, 2006; part of the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Reference Library of E. J. Brill Publishers (ed. E. Tov; Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2006)*
15. https://www.bibelwissenschaft.de/de/online-bibeln/biblia-hebraica-stuttgartensia-bhs/lesen-im-bibeltext/
MT, Codex Leningrad B19A: scanned images
1. West Semitic Research Project (private) http://www.usc.edu/dept/LAS/wsrp/
MT, Aleppo Codex
1. Tokhnit “HaKeter”–Ma’agar HaTanakh, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan; part of the Miqraot Gedolot “HaKeter” Project* (in books in which the Codex is missing, its text has been reconstructed according to sources close to the Aleppo Codex)
http://www.biu.ac.il/jh/Responsa/Heb/index.html
2. Ben-Zvi Institute
http://www.aleppocodex.org/ (scanned pages)
MT, Masoretic Accents
1. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software) (BHS-W4, HMT-W4)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
2. Tokhnit “HaKeter”–Maagar HaTanakh*, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan
http://www.biu.ac.il/jh/Responsa/Heb/index.html
MT, Aleppo Codex, Masorah Magna and Parva
1. Tokhnit “HaKeter”–Maagar HaTanakh*, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan; part of the Miqraot Gedolot “HaKeter” Project*
http://www.biu.ac.il/jh/Responsa/Heb/index.html
http://www.logos.com/
3. Biblia Hebraica Quinta (partial)*
http://www.logos.com/
Biblical Texts from Qumran, databases
1. Biblical module, ed. M.G. Abegg, J.E. Bowley, E.M. Cook
Accordance (version 2.3)*
http://www.oaksoft.com/ (OakTree Software)
2. Qumran Biblical Dead Sea Scrolls Database (S. Pfann, 2011)*
http://www.logos.com/
3. The Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library, Brigham Young University, based
on the Accordance module 2.3* of M.G. Abegg, J.E. Bowley, E.M. Cook
(D. W. Parry, forthcoming, 2013)
4. Biblia Qumranica (in preparation; private, incomplete)
Biblical Texts from the Judean Desert, scanned images
1. Large Isaiah scroll (F.P. Miller)
2. Large Isaiah scroll (Israel Museum)
http://dss.collections.imj.org.il/project
3. Photographs of John Trever: Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
Samaritan Pentateuch, Editions
1. Edition of Tal, Samaritan Pentateuch
Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
2. Edition using Samaritan fonts on the basis of “Rylands Sam. MS 1 with Chester-Beatty and Cambridge 1846” (private: A. Crown)
3. Edition of A. F. von Gall, Der Hebräische Pentateuch der Samaritaner (Giessen: Töpelmann, 1914–1918), scanned images: TC Ebind Index
http://rosetta.reltech.org/Ebind/docs/TC/
4. Edition of H. Petermann (1872)
http://aramaico.wordpress.com/peshitta-recursos/
Ben Sira, Hebrew, medieval manuscripts
1. Maagarim*, CD-ROM of the Academy of the Hebrew Language
http://hebrew-academy.huji.ac.il/
3. Accordance [10.2]* by M.G. Abegg
http://www.oaksoft.com/ (OakTree Software)

II. Source Texts of the Ancient Versions

LXX, Codex S: scanned images
1. The Codex Sinaiticus Project
http://codexsinaiticus.org/en/
2. Edition of C. von Tischendorf, Bibliorum Codex Sinaiticus Petropolitanus (Leipzig: Giesecke et Devrient, 1862): TC Ebind Index: http://rosetta. reltech.org/Ebind/docs/TC/
LXX, Codex A, Isaiah
Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
LXX, Codex W: scanned images
Edition of H. A. Sanders, Facsimile of the Washington Manuscript of Deuteronomy and Joshua in the Freer Collection (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1910), and idem, Facsimile of the Washington Manuscript of the Minor Prophets in the Freer Collection and the Berlin Fragment of Genesis (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1927): TC Ebind Index:
http://rosetta.reltech.org/Ebind/docs/TC/
Greek Scripture, Papyri
1. Duke Papyrus Archive
http://odyssey.lib.duke.edu/papyrus/
2. APIS
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/projects/digital/apis/
3. P.Oxy
http://www.papyrology.ox.ac.uk/
4. Database of R. A. Kraft (links to the major early witnesses of the LXX, usually with images)
5. The Perseus Digital Library (search for “Septuagint,” “LXX,” ”Bible,” etc.)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/
6. University of Köln
http://www.uni-koeln.de/phil-fak/ifa/NRWakademie/papyrologie/PTheol1.html
LXX, Edition of A. Rahlfs (Stuttgart, 1935) (encoded by TLG)
1. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
2. BibleWorks for Windows [9]*
http://www.bibleworks.com/
3. SESB 2.0* = # 10 below
http://www.logos.com/
4. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company) (with variants)
http://www.logos.com/
5. Gramcord for Windows* (Gramcord Institute)
http://www.gramcord.org/
6. Bibloi [8]*
http://www.silvermnt.com/
7. CCAT
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/
8. University of British Columbia
http://www.cnrs.ubc.ca/index.php?id=3560
9. Websites, tools:
http://www.kalvesmaki.com/LXX/
LXX, edition of H. B. Swete: scanned images
1. Christian Classics Ethereal Library
http://www.ccel.org/s/swete/index.html
2. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
3. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
LXX, edition of Brooke-McLean, scanned images
TC Ebind Index
http://rosetta.reltech.org/Ebind/docs/TC/
LXX, variants, Göttingen and Cambridge editions (incomplete)
1. CCAT
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/
2. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
3. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
LXX, Hexapla, edition of F. Field (Oxford, 1875), scanned images
TC Ebind Index
http://rosetta.reltech.org/Ebind/docs/TC/
LXX, Swete, Introduction: scanned images
1. CCEL
http://ccel.org/s/swete/greekot/
2. TC Ebind Index
http://rosetta.reltech.org/Ebind/docs/TC/
3. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
4. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
LXX, grammar: F. C. Conybeare and St. G. Stock (Boston: Ginn, 1905)
1. CCEL (scanned images)
http://ccel.org/c/conybeare/greekgrammar/
2. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
3. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
LXX, grammar: Thackeray, Grammar (1913)
1. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
2. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
LXX, translations into English
a. L.C.L. Brenton’s translation (1844), without the Deutero-canonical books
1. Boston Christian Bible Study Resources
http://www.bcbsr.com/topics/olb.html
2. BibleWorks for Windows [9]*
http://www.bibleworks.com/
3. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
4. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
b. NETS (2007)
LXX, translation into French
Soleil d’Orient
http://ba.21.free.fr/septuaginta/cover.html
LXX, translation into German (2009)
Septuaginta Deutsch
http://www.septuaginta-deutsch.de/
LXX, translations into modern languages: work in progress
http://www.kalvesmaki.com/LXX/
Vetus Latina
Vetus Latina Institut, Beuron*
http://www.vetus-latina.de/en/institut_vetus_latina/institut.html
Vulgate: Edition of R. Weber (Stuttgart, 1969, 1983)
1. BibleWorks for Windows [9]*
http://www.bibleworks.com/
2. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
3. Bibloi [8]*
http://www.silvermnt.com/
4. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
5. Bible Gateway.com
www.biblegateway.com
6. The Internet Sacred Text Archive
http://www.sacred-texts.com/
7. Unbound Bible
http://unbound.biola.edu/
8. SESB 2.0* = # 9
http://www.logos.com/
9.https://www.bibelwissenschaft.de/de/online-bibeln/biblia-sacra-vulgata/lesen-im-bibeltext/
Targumim
1. CAL (Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon)
http://cal1.cn.huc.edu/
2. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
3. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
Targum Onkelos
1. CCAT/PHI CD-ROM (1987) (text encoded by M. Grossfeld, Wisconsin)
Targum Pseudo-Jonathan
CCAT/PHI CD-ROM (1987) (text encoded by E. G. Clarke, Toronto)
Targum Jonathan
1. DBS International Corporation*
http://www.dbs123.com/
Targum to Job
1. CCAT/PHI CD-ROM (1987) (text encoded in Oxford)
2. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
Targum Neophyti
1. CCAT/PHI CD-ROM (1987) (text encoded by M. Sokoloff)
Targumim, Pseudo-Jonathan and Onkelos, translations
Translation of J. W. Etheridge (1862)
http://www.tulane.edu/~ntcs/pj/psjon.htm
Targumim from Qumran
1. CAL (private)
http://cal1.cn.huc.edu/
2. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
Peshitta
1. CAL (most books)
http://cal1.cn.huc.edu/
2. Peshitta Institute, Leiden (private)
http://www.leidenuniv.nl/gg/
For progress reports see also Hugoye:
http://syrcom.cua.edu/Hugoye/
3. Project of W. Strothmann, Göttingen University, discontinued (complete Peshitta, including morphological analyses and concordances).
http://www.gwdg.de/~mzumpe/strothm.htm
4. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
Peshitta, Codex A: scanned images
1. Edition of A. M. Ceriani, Translatio Syro Pescitto Veteris Testamenti ex codice Ambrosiano (Milan, 1876–1881):
Peshitta, Various manuscripts
http://aramaico.wordpress.com/peshitta-recursos/
Peshitta, Various editions, scanned pages
http://aramaico.wordpress.com/peshitta-recursos/


MT (BHS) and LXX (Rahlfs) compared (“MT-LXX Parallel”, ed. E. Tov and F.H. Polak, 2004)
1. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
2. CCAT (ASCII format)
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/
3. CATSS, analysis of minuses of the LXX (private: F. Polak and G. Marquis)
4. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
5. BibleWorks for Windows [9]*
http://www.bibleworks.com/

III. Modern Translations of Hebrew Scripture

1. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
2. BibleWorks for Windows [9]*
http://www.bibleworks.com/
3. Jewish Classics Library* (Davka Company)
http://www.davka.com/
4. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
5. Gramcord for Windows* (Gramcord Institute)
http://www.gramcord.org/
6. Bibloi [8]*
http://www.silvermnt.com/
7. Nelson’s eBible*
http://www.discountchristian.com/ebible_plat.html
8. Unbound Bible (allows searches in many translations in several languages)
http://unbound.biola.edu/
9. Blue Letter Bible (allows for comparative searches in the KJV and dictionaries)
http://blueletterbible.org/links.html
10. SESB 2.0*
11. Modern translations are presented in countless websites.

IV. Critical Apparatuses

BHS
1. SESB 2.0*
http://www.logos.com/
2. Accordance [10.2]*
http://www.oaksoft.com/ (OakTree Software)
3. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
HUBP
HUBP (private): Isaiah 45 ff., Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Minor Prophets
http://www.hum.huji.ac.il/english/units.php?cat=5016&incat=4982
Göttingen Septuagint
1. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
2. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
Biblia Hebraica Quinta
1. SESB 2.0*
http://www.logos.com/
2. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)

V. Morphological Analyses

Hebrew Scripture
1. Groves-Wheeler Westminster Hebrew Old Testament Morphology
a. BibleWorks for Windows [9]*
http://www.bibleworks.com/
b. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
c. Gramcord for Windows* (Gramcord Institute)
http://www.gramcord.org/
d. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
e. CCAT (ASCII format)
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/
2.  SESB 2.0*
http://www.logos.com/
3. Tokhnit “HaKeter”–Maagar HaTanakh*, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan; part of the Miqraot GedolotHaKeter” Project*
4. Global Jewish Database*
http://www.biu.ac.il/JH/Responsa/index.html
5. Maagarim*, CD-ROM of the Academy of the Hebrew Language
http://hebrew-academy.huji.ac.il/
6. Database of F. Andersen and D. Forbes
http://www.logos.com/
7. Database of CIB/Maredsous (Mikra) (private: R. F. Poswick, Maredsous)
Greek Scripture: CATSS Morphologically Analyzed LXX text (http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/ with corrections by D. Wheeler (version 2.2)
1. SESB 2.0*
2. BibleWorks for Windows [9]*
http://www.bibleworks.com/
3. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
4. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
5. Gramcord for Windows* (Gramcord Institute)
http://www.gramcord.org/
6. Bibloi [8]*
http://www.silvermnt.com/
7. CCAT (ASCII format)
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/
Targumim and Peshitta
1. CAL (allows on-line lexical and concordance searches)
http://cal1.cn.huc.edu/
2. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
All Hebrew texts from the Bible until the 11th century
Ma’agarim*, CD-ROM of the Academy of the Hebrew Language (based on fresh readings of manuscripts as well as critical editions).

VI. Tools

Biblical Hebrew Reference Grammar
1. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
BDB (1907)
1. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
2. Gramcord for Windows* (Gramcord Institute)
http://www.gramcord.org/
3. BibleWorks for Windows [9]*
http://www.bibleworks.com/
4. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
5. Translator’s Workplace
http://www.sil.org/
6. SESB 2.0*
HALOT (L. Koehler, W. Baumgartner and J. J. Stamm, Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament, trans. and ed. under the supervision of M. E. J. Richardson, 2000, 2002)
1. CD-ROM [Brill, Leiden]*
2. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
3. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
4. BibleWorks for Windows [9]*
http://www.bibleworks.com/
LSJ (1940)
1. The Perseus Digital Library (includes links to other lexicons, and provides links to all the texts)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/
2. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
3. BibleWorks for Windows [9]*
http://www.bibleworks.com/
4. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
5. SESB 2.0*
http://www.logos.com/
J. Lust, E. Eynikel, and K. Hauspie, A Greek-English Lexicon of the Septuagint, I–II (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1992, 1996)
1. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
2. SESB 2.0*
http://www.logos.com/
3. Gramcord for Windows* (Gramcord Institute)
http://www.gramcord.org/
G. Kittel (ed.), Theological Dictionary of the New Testament (trans. G. W. Bromiley; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1968–1976), abridged edition
1. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
2. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
3. SESB 2.0*
http://www.logos.com /
Anchor Bible Dictionary (ed. D. N. Freedman; New York and London: Doubleday, 1992)
1. * CD-ROM
2. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
3. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
Bible Atlas
1. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
2. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
3. http://mikranet.cet.ac.il/pages/atlas.asp
4. http://www3.cet.ac.il/SubFieldsPage.aspx?ID=8.7
PhotoGuide (linked with text files)
1. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
W. Bauer, W. F. Arndt, F. W. Gingrich, W. D. Danker, A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Early Christian Literature (2d ed., Chicago and London, 1979; 3d ed., 2000)
1. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
2. BibleWorks for Windows [9]*
http://www.bibleworks.com/
3. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company)
http://www.logos.com/
4. Translator’s Workplace [4.0]
5. SESB 2.0*

VII. Appendix: Non-biblical Texts from the Judean Desert

1.Module edited by M.G. Abegg, 2007, with updates
1. Accordance [10.2]* (OakTree Software) (“QUMRAN” and “QUMENG”)
http://www.oaksoft.com/
2. BibleWorks for Windows [9]* (“QSMA”, “QBSET”)
http://www.bibleworks.com/
3. Logos 5.0* (Logos Research Company) (“Qumran Sectarian MSS”)
http://www.logos.com/
Module “Hebrew and Aramaic texts from the Judean Desert sites other than Qumran”, ed. by M.G. Abegg, 2009, with updates
The Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library, Brigham Young University, Revised Edition 2006, part of the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Reference Library of E.J. Brill Publishers; based on module 2.2 of Accordance* by M.G. Abegg (ed. E. Tov; Leiden: Brill, 2006)*


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